Monday, May 25, 2020
Billy Sunday For almost a quarter century Billy Sunday was a household name in the United States. Between 1902 when he first made the pages of the New York Times and 1935 when the paper covered his death and memorial service in detail, people who knew anything about current events had heard of the former major league baseball player who was preaching sin and salvation to large crowds all over America. Not everyone who knew of the famous evangelist liked him. Plenty of outspoken critics spoke of his flashy style and criticized his conservative doctrines. But he had hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions, of loyal defenders, and they were just as loud in their praise as the critics were in their criticism. WhetherÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He also studied Scripture and became unusually generous toward the needy. Furthermore, Sunday was constrained by an obsession to tell others how he had finally found inner peace and a more purposeful life. At first through lectures and then in sermons, he related how Jesus Christ gave him a new life of meaning, peace, and hope. This same gospel, he said, would similarly transform others. The evidence is overwhelmingly that it did. If Billy Sunday was sincere devoted, and motivated, he was also a product of his times and an example of the culture and morals of middle America. On the other hand, Sunday took many stands against popular beliefs, and he persuaded multitudes to join him in a war against many of the modernistic ideas of the time that he saw as evil. As he once summarized his opinion so well, Ã¢â¬Å"What this world needs is a tidal wave of reformÃ¢â¬ (Sunday Ã¢â¬Å"SatanÃ¢â¬ 24). It is true that Sunday was a showman who craved an audience and loved applause. But he also touched the lives of countless men and women of all social classes, helping them escape various forms of personal bondage and find freedom in the gospel. And if he did not convert all of urban America to his brand of Christianity, he at least played a major role in helping to keep conservative biblical Christianity alive in this century (Dorsett 3). To understand fully why he thought, lived, preached, and teached the way he did, we should look at hisShow MoreRelatedBilly Elliot Into the World Essay1255 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBilly Elliot Into the World There are a variety of pathways and elements, which enables individual transition into a New World. Ã¢â¬ËInto the WorldÃ¢â¬â¢ is about people choosing the next pathway into their life by their own determination, experiences and support which enables them to go beyond their original location and narrow view of the world. Ã¢â¬ËBilly ElliotÃ¢â¬â¢ relates to the elective Ã¢â¬ËInto the WorldÃ¢â¬â¢ as the film is about new possibilities opening up, determination, family support and individual growthRead MoreMy Youngest Daughter s Wedding Reception1010 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesyoungest daughter s wedding reception was on Sunday. I had to pick up the cake at 10:30 AM that morning, and dutifully I was on my way. The local talk radio station was doing a Sunday morning garden program. I lasted about 4 minutes with that. My new iPod does not fit my older iPod setup so well, so I was forced to slip back to frequency modulation for something to listen to. Classic rock was thankfully ther e to save me from myself. The first tune played was Billy Idol s Rebel Yell. Yeah, I yelled -Read MoreÃ¢â¬ Many are selected but few are chosenÃ¢â¬ . this is a saying that not many people can live up to800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬ Many are selected but few are chosenÃ¢â¬ . this is a saying that not many people can live up to with the exception of Billy Graham whom did many great things and made a big impact around the world. He also owns television shows , programs , has his own website , agencies , videos and films which are available to any one who is interested in the word of the lord. Billy Graham was an American Christian evangelist who became quite well known all around the world by his talent and the way heRead MoreWhy I Learned The Piano1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesme, so to have a memory tied to music helps me remember, and to have that memory tied to my grandmother, who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have her memory anymore, means so much more. Every time I see a piano or hear certain songs like Ã¢â¬Å"Piano ManÃ¢â¬ by Billy Joel or Ã¢â¬Å"Achy Breaky HeartÃ¢â¬ by Billy Ray Cyrus, I think of those afternoons in her sitting room, with just the sunlight shining through the windows, lighting the room up. Now I am more willing to see her. I got a call from my mom telling me they had Hospice care broughtRead MoreMen Of Honor Film Analysis813 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe ideas of racism, determination and acceptance are a key aspect of the film because they show us how blacks were discriminated against in the Navy, how Carl got to his professional position due to his ongoing determination and hard work and how Billy grew to accept Carl and other black individuals. Determination was a large part of Carls success in the Navy. Carl was passionate to become a Navy diver since he was young. Carl was a young African American trying to work his way to a master diverRead MoreEssay on Religious Experience715 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesbeing raised as a Pentacostal Christian, the first idea that came to me after hearing this was for Billy and I to go with our friend Arjuns family to a Hindu templeÃ¢â¬âsince Arjun had moved away recently to go to college however, he was unable to attend. On Sunday, February 21, Billy and I joined Arjuns father in his trip to the Hindu temple in OrlandoÃ¢â¬âwe had to wake up earlier than usual for a Sunday but it was for good cause. We arrived at the temple in Orlando just before 10AM for a prayer serviceRead MoreBilly the Bully790 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Billy the Bully Introduction Early on a Saturday morning I was hurrying down the street to buy a scone for my big sister at our neighborhood bakery. It was her birthday and I wanted to do something special for her (besides the gifts we had planned for her later in the day). It was a cloudy spring day and rain was predicted, so I was moving pretty fast because I didnt have an umbrella. I bought the ginger scone and on the way back home I looked across the street and saw a boy from my class pushingRead MoreKohlberg s Moral Development Theory776 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Whenever Billy or his girlfriend ask Ashley to do her chores such as cleaning her room or cleaning the table, she wants to know what is in it for her? They usually give her sticker or let her play compute games for 15 minutes. She is happily doing that to earn the rewards. AshleyÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view that, she looks for her benefit or reward put her in Stage 2 of level 1(Pre-conventional) base on KohlbergÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory which is a Moral developmen t theory. KohlbergÃ¢â¬â¢s Moral Development is based on the reasoningRead MoreEssay-Personal Narrative-Creative Writing1395 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesin the backseat. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s with Nate and Lyle, they drove ahead in the van to get situated.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Cool.Ã¢â¬ Leaning back, Remi pulled out her journal and tried to map out her route. The festival started on Friday and lasted through Sunday. Today was Monday, and Remi had spent most of Sunday tracing her routes. Tomorrow she had an appointment to meet with Evie Crofton at Ã¢â¬ËThe Crofton Safe Haven.Ã¢â¬â¢ As far as Remi was concerned, she was the best bet at finding her first clues. The day dragged on longer than RemiRead MoreKurt Vonnegut s Slaughterhouse Five 1490 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSuffering Through Billy Pilgrim Kurt Vonnegut was an American author who published a variety of works including novels, short stories, plays, and a few works of non-fiction. Kurt Vonnegut explains how war and the experiences that come with it can cause suffering to the minds of people that it affects. In his novel Slaughterhouse-Five, Kurt Vonnegut uses his novel to focus on his anti-war stance by showcasing humanity s suffering due to war. Vonnegut reveals this suffering through Billy Pilgrim s experience
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Gatan, Catherine Fiorina F. January 4, 2011 ------------------------------------------------- Informative Speech CA 104 Section 6 Existence of Extraterrestrial Bodies With all our knowledge of everything around us, overwhelming as it may be, there are still a lot of aspects that are unknown to even the smartest scientists. Did you know that humans know only 5% of the entire universe? Yes, everything we know about the Earth, the Milky Way, and all the planets is barely even a fourth of what comprises the entirety of the universe. Knowing that, it would be illogical to say that the creatures on Earth are the only forms of life in the universe. Today I will tell you about unidentified object sightings, closeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Any discussion on this conspiracy, however, will not be complete without talking what went and goes on in Roswell, New Mexico, or better known as Area 51. Area 51 is known to be a US Military Base where 75 miles away, there reported to be a UFO crash landing on July 2, 1947 that left an exceptional amount of debris all over the area. The Roswell Army Air Field reported that they recovered a Ã¢â¬Å"flying discÃ¢â¬ but a few hours after this information was released, the government immediately said it was a Ã¢â¬Å"weather balloon.Ã¢â¬ RAAF even reported having recovered alien bodies but as expected, the government denied again and simply stated that it was the military menÃ¢â¬â¢s trauma from accidents. Countless witnesses during and after the reported crash date have confirmed seeing flying objects, crop circles and usual activity within the area. Area 51 is now conspired to be a place where they examine evidences of alien bodies, UFO crashes, etc, but the government refuses to confirm and have denied these allegations. More than sightings, as promised, let me take you in on one of the craziest abduction stories. There have been over 60,000 reported abductions worldwide. In most cases, the victims are returned but donÃ¢â¬â¢t remember a thing. And in some, the victims are lost forever. The story IÃ¢â¬â¢m about to tell you is one of the most bizarre ones ever recorded. So bizarre that it took more than ten years to be ableShow MoreRelatedLogical Reasoning189930 Words Ã |Ã 760 Pages...................................................................................................................... 67 CHAPTER 3 Writing with the Appropriate Precision .............................................................. 88 Being Ambiguous................................................................................................................................. 89 Context and Background Knowledge .......................................................................Read MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words Ã |Ã 846 Pagescapabilities rather than making artificial distinctions between what is acceptable and what is not. He also has contributed widely to the accounting literature, taking forward the British tradition of economic theorizing in financial accounting as well as being a constant source of creative thinking in the management accounting field. Michael has also contributed in a number of different institutional arenas: the academic, of course, but also those of the profession and the wider public sphere. Ever helpful
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Often times when we hear the word culture, we think of the differences of different countries. That statement may be true; however, there are different cultures within the same country, even within the same city. No matter what culture we call our own, there are distinct differences between that of other cultures around us. One of the major differences occurs in the realm of family; family affection to be more specific. When talking about family affection, we should consider many different aspects. It was my task and privilege to explore these aspects. I consider myself having a strong American culture. My family has been here for many years and has adopted the Ã¢â¬Å"American WayÃ¢â¬ . After being born and raised in Wisconsin, I now spend myÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Teresa, however, does show a little affection towards her family Ã¢â¬Å"by teasing or making fun of themÃ¢â¬ ¦the stupid things. By laughing together, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s how my family shows our affection toward each other.Ã¢â¬ My family does tease each other too, however, we more of consider that having fun than showing affection. The simple act of showing affection is very different throughout different cultures. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Another aspect of our different cultures is our reactions to the affection that is shown to us. As my family members show affection to me, I feel good about it. To me there is nothing better than to know that my family cares about me. I usually show affection back to them after they have shown some affection towards me. However, this is not the case with Teresa. Ã¢â¬Å"If a family member did show affection I would probably just shrug it off and think they lost their mind for a moment or something,Ã¢â¬ explains Teresa. Affection is very important in my culture, so if we showed affection toward a family member and that person just shrugged it off, we would think they are being rude or that something is wrong. A lot of how we treat each other as a family member depends upon reactions to affection and caring. One thing to think about when talking about a family showing affection to one another is how the family interacts in public as compared to in private. In my culture, it does not really matter if we are in public. We show just as much affection for one anotherShow MoreRelatedFamily Culture : Family And Culture1262 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Family and Culture I traveled to Germany last summer to visit my friend Janine I noticed many different behaviors in family life that differed from the culture home and family life.The family I stayed with seemed so connected compared to my own. The ways the families in Germany treat their guest is very different and far more hospitable than here in America. I was also surprised by how welcoming everyone I met from Janine s family. The biggest cultural shock thatRead MoreFamily and Culture1010 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Family culture is a unique way that a family forms itself in terms of rules, roles, habits, activities, beliefs, and other areasÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"What is family culture?Ã¢â¬ , 2002). The perception of family is an aspect of family culture; this includes the interactions within the family and with others. Some of these perceptions can be defined as myths. A myth is a belief about someone or something that is believed to be true, but it is false, made-up, or exaggerated (S. Yu, Lecture ). There are both positive andRead MoreFamily Culture1764 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesOften times when we hear the word culture, we think of the differences of different countries. That statement may be true; however, there are different cultures within the same country, even within the same city. No matter what culture we call our own, there are distinct differences between that of other cultures around us. One of the major differences occurs in the realm of family; family affection to be more specific. When talking about family affection, we should consider many different aspectsRead MoreThe Culture Of The Family983 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEvery family has a different culture. Whether the culture is about religion, or within the immediate family, every family has a different outlook. Laney and her family have discussed what their culture is. Culture includes what the family does on a daily basis and traditions. On a daily basis Laney keeps in touch with her family. She calls her paren ts daily to talk about what has happened in her life, and her parents also call her to catch up. Laney has 1 sister who she was very close with growingRead MoreInfluence Of Family Culture And Their Influence On Family, Culture, And Environment873 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesResearch has shown that a person is shaped by the influence of their family, their culture, and their environment. As far as I could remember my parents have always been there for me, always by my side cheering me on. I am lucky to have such wonderful parents because if it werenÃ¢â¬â¢t for their influence, I would not be the person that I am today. My father had a rough childhood growing up in New York. His family was poor and my grandmother was not very supportive, yet despite his living conditionsRead MoreThe Family Of Hmong Culture886 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWith the centrality of the family in Hmong culture, having sons or a son is very important as they are the ones who will take on the last name and lead the future generation of the family (Cha, 2010). Cha states, Ã¢â¬Å"The clannish nature of Hmong society favors a son. A family that does not have a son is viewed as a burden to the clan and community, because such a family will not contribute much to the community,Ã¢â¬ (p. 24). In the culture, the son(s) will take care of the parents as the daughter willRead MorePersonal Culture And My Family Culture Essay2114 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesWhile looking upon my personal culture and my familyÃ¢â¬â¢s culture in an attempt to find appropriate dishes for this assignment, it became apparent to me that I have no definite culture. Whereas I have lived in Canada my whole life, my familyÃ¢â¬â¢s background has engaged me in varying cultures, though I have never felt truly attuned to one culture. On the other hand, my father is a first generation Canadian, his parents both from Scotland. Though aware of my Scottish origins and my grandparentsÃ¢â¬â¢ migrationRead MoreThe Family Of Victorian Literature And Culture1898 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesdo you see as the significant elements in representations of the family in Victorian literature and culture? Ã¢â¬ ¨Ã¢â¬ ¨ Intro There are many elements in representations of the family in Victorian literature and culture. In this essay, through BronteÃ¢â¬â¢s Jane Eyre, DickensÃ¢â¬â¢ Oliver Twist, and GaskellÃ¢â¬â¢s Mary Barton, I will be focusing on family in relation to how society perceives and affects the individual in the family, how and whether a family is formed through blood relation or situation, In the mid-VictorianRead MoreEssay The Importance of Family in the Indian Culture809 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIndian culture is defined by relatively strict social hierarchy.Ã¢â¬ He also mentions that from an early age, children are reminded of their roles and places in society. In my culture, family is given the first importance. This leads to limited freedom in career choices and no independence, particularly for women. Career choices and independence should be the first priority for any individual. In my culture, the choices made by a family member are mostly guided by the rules and goals of the cult ure, irrespectiveRead MoreThe Fatherhood Across Cultures : A Family Responsibility For Most Cultures2452 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesFatherhood Across Cultures I. Introduction The job of child rearing is widely regarded as a maternal responsibility for most cultures rooted in patriarchal systems (Hossain et al., 2007), and any prevalent studies on the role parents play in childcare tend to focus primarily on the relationship between mother and child. Analysis on the involvement of fathers in infant/child development had been somewhat lacking in the spectrum of cross-cultural psychology research until recently, with the
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theLaugh Out Loudfor Private Language and Public Laws. Answer: The evolution of speech has been dated back to several thousand years ago. Speech and writing have been widely used for communication purposes. However there varied distinctions as to pertain speech and writing as aspects of language. Writing is not a reflection of casual speech. However, speech imitates writing, in text which are formal based, but however not in its natural way. The phonological way is writing like the way you speak, the essence has been that we dont obey the general rules of writing, often grammatical errors, capitalization issues occur and spelling errors often occur. The use of LOL for example has been used to mean laughing out loud, however the meaning have changed , people nowadays are not laughing loud each and every time they write the same instead it has been used as a sign of empathy and pragmatic. It has been used popularly in the internet based social networking, (Jimmi Robert, 2005). It has since become the common slang in computer mediated communicatio n worldwide. The meanings often refer to emotions and smiles. Some of the examples of these text variance include the following; you hate me lol, I am going to kill, lol, I am dam dead, lol, the exam is tomorrow, lol, you hate me, lol, I am a winner, lol, Not a nice thing to lol. In this first set of word it refers to the softening of the tonal variation, the stereotyping frequency is lol, laugh out loud. It is often used in any conversations of few participants signalling interlocutor involvement just like mm, mhmmh etc. In other texts it is used to refer to phrases such as; lol, i can access my internet now! and how fast is the internet, lol,. In this case, the phrases doesnt need any laughing at all perhaps, lol has been misguided. In text convention of lol, the general meaning is laughing out loud, but actuality there is no laughter, and yet in theory it is actually there. When people see older text in a conversation they express the feeling using the lol, the overall understanding of the substrate then you will realize that lol do not refe r to the actual act of laughing but something else, (Lawrence, 2004). Other text phrases can have different meanings to explain deeper understanding than the phrase. Examples include I love the book your reading, Partner, lol thanks, i will give. In this text you may think that the conversation is funny, but actually no one is laughing, and yet it has been used, it can portray some hiccup in the manning and context of the words, (Antonin, 2005). The use of pragmatism to show empathy can utilise the form of lol, an example to illustrate this is; lol, I have to travel immediately, In this cases the persona is not amused, the usage of lol is used in a particulate manner, as a show of empathy and a sign of accommodation. In linguistics it is referred to as pragmatic particles, (Mark, 2005). Indirect speeches have used as assessments of speech; they give us different perspectives and analysis. When we return to the act of speech of questioning, we can generate several sentences which interrogate a speech. We can consider this question, did you receive the price? A positive answer to the question is yes that is a direct answer, however consider this answer, do you know if you receive the price? The phrase framing portrays a question like state however, when there is no inquiry; mostly the answer will be yes. In real life situation the answer is yes i did or probably no i only got lunch. The reply applied in this case is prioritized as an utterance but not the face meaning, however a yes response signifies the true meaning of the question (Mark, 2005). Maxim principles in linguistics, refer to the use of pragmatic connation or further study of speech acts, it tries to explain the meaning of utterances when used reflects the background meaning. Outward state meaning of the utterances, speakers mean can result from assumption of a statement. It has 4 units, maxim of quality, quantity, relevance and manner. The statement above doesnt imply anything on the use of maxim, as they dont offer any suggestive gesture whatsoever. Maxim rule applies when comparing what is said and what is done for a particular statement. (Deirdre Dan, n.d). Concluding, lol and other initials in literature world have advanced from the computer aided communiqu to facial communication protocol. Instant messaging has taken shape with these use, actually more usage has been pronounced in real speech. References Deirdre Wilson and Dan Sperber,. "Relevance Theory", in G. Ward and L. Horn (eds) Handbook of Pragmatics. Blackwell, 607-632. Lawrence Solan, (2004)."Private Language, Public Laws", Georgetown Law Review. Antonin Scalia,(2005). Review of Law's Quandary by Steven Smith, First Things. Mark Liberman,, (2005). "A result that no sensible person could have intended", Language Log. Jimmi Harrigan, Robert Rosenthal, Methods in Nonverbal Behavior Research, Oxford University Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-19-852962-0
Tuesday, April 7, 2020
Beowulf And Evil Problem The key to writing an epic poem is to show that there is a predominant hero who paved the way for a nation. This hero should be someone who shows qualities such as loyalty to his followers, bravery and courage just to name a few. Strophe 8 in Burton Raffels' translation of Beowulf shows all of these qualities in Beowulf. Strophe 8 is the tail of Beowulf's first of three battles with deadly beasts. It starts out by telling the reader that Grendel is coming "out from the marsh... bearing God's hatred"(394-395) revealing to all that Grendel comes from a hellish hole and is all that is evil. Little does Grendel know that this trip for prey shall not be as easy as the previous many. The monster who once took 30 men to his slimy hell of a home to eat would "gnaw the broken bones of his last human supper"(417-418). The great Beowulf and his 14 warriors have been called upon to save Hrothgars people and destroy this beast. After devouring one man with ease, Grendel grasped Beowulf and found himself to be at the mercy Beowulf's deadly grip. The battle through the beautiful hall of Herot proved to be successful when "him who of all the men on earth was the strongest"(471-472) defeated the retched beast. Beowulf proved to all that he would back down to no one. Any good battle can make a story exciting, and that is exactly what the battle with Grendel does to this story. At the very beginning of this strophe the reader is informed about Grendels living quarters setting the mood in an evil tone. It is already known that Beowulf is the ideal of good, thus setting up the ever-exciting battle of god versus evil. The battle was so intense that "the high halls rang, it's roof boards swayed and Danes shook with terror"(449-450). Such an intense battle is so enthralling that it is hard not to be enveloped in all the commotion. Grendel the beast who could not be defeated by any ordinary man "whose hands were harder"(434) and there was nothing he could do about it. This great power Beowulf showed in the battle truly set him apart from all other normal men. The whole time I was reading this part of the poem I was anxious to find the result of the battle. The translator did an excellent job of capturing the parts of the strophe, which made it so exciting. The way it was described that Grendel "snatched the first Geat... drank the blood from his veins and bolted him down"(421-425) shows how graphic the language is in this poem making it much more exciting. I really became interested in the plot after this strophe because of the vivid and colorful imagery that was used to describe the battle. Imagery is very important part of capturing your audience and this strophe did exactly that. When trying to translate any type of literature it can be very hard to capture the excitement in the original work. When you have a specific point to get across it can be much harder, but in Beowulf is very clearly shown that Beowulf is loyal to his people, brave and courageous the true characteristics of a hero.
Monday, March 9, 2020
Why Americans Once Gave the Ã¢â¬ËBellamy SaluteÃ¢â¬â¢ The American school children in the picture are showing their loyalty to our flag and country by giving the Ã¢â¬Å"Bellamy SaluteÃ¢â¬ while reciting the Pledge of Allegiance. Despite how it might look, the Bellamy Salute had nothing to do with Nazi dictator Adolph Hitler, but it did cause quite stir many years ago. In fact, the Bellamy Salute is an interesting aside on the history of the Pledge of Allegiance itself. Who Was Ã¢â¬Å"Bellamy?Ã¢â¬ Francis J. Bellamy actually wrote the original Pledge of Allegiance at the request of Daniel Sharp Ford, owner of a popular Boston-based magazine of the day named the YouthÃ¢â¬â¢s Companion. In 1892, Ford began a campaign to place American flags in every classroom in the nation. Ford believed that with the Civil War (1861-1865) still so fresh in the memories of so many Americans, a great public show of patriotism would help stabilize a still fragile nation. Along with the flags, Sharp assigned Bellamy, one of his staff writers at the time, to create a short phrase to be recited to honor the flag and all it stood for. BellamyÃ¢â¬â¢s work, the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag, was published in the YouthÃ¢â¬â¢s Companion, and immediately struck a chord with Americans. The first organized use of the Pledge of Allegiance came on Oct. 12, 1892, when some 12 million American school children recited it to commemorate the 400-year anniversary of the voyage of Christopher Columbus. In 1943, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that school administrators or teachers could not force students to recite the Pledge. How it Became BellamyÃ¢â¬â¢s Salute Bellamy and Sharp also felt a physical, non-military style salute should be given to the flag as the Pledge was recited. When the instructions for the salute were printed in the YouthÃ¢â¬â¢s Companion under his name, the gesture became known as the Bellamy Salute. The instructions for the Bellamy Salute were simple: When reciting the Pledge, each person was to extend their right arm straight ahead and pointing slightly upward, with their fingers pointing straight ahead or in the direction of the flag, if present. And That Was FineÃ¢â¬ ¦ Until Americans had no problem with the Bellamy Salute and rendered it proudly until the days before World War II, when Italians and Germans began showing loyalty to dictators Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler with the disturbingly similar Ã¢â¬Å"Heil Hitler!Ã¢â¬ salute. Americans giving the Bellamy Salute began to fear that they might be mistaken as showing allegiance to the growingly powerful European fascist and Nazi regimes. In his book Ã¢â¬Å"To the Flag: The Unlikely History of the Pledge of Allegiance,Ã¢â¬ author Richard J. Ellis wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"the similarities in the salute had begun to attract comment as early as the mid-1930s.Ã¢â¬ Fears also began to grow that the editors of European newspapers and films could easily crop the American flag from pictures of Americans giving the Bellamy Salute, thus giving Europeans the false impression that Americans were beginning to support Hitler and Mussolini. As Ellis wrote in his book, Ã¢â¬Å"the embarrassing resemblance between the Ã¢â¬ËHeil HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢ salute and the salute that accompanied the Pledge of Allegiance,Ã¢â¬ stirred fears among many Americans that the Bellamy Salute could be used overseas for pro-fascist propaganda purposes. So Congress Ditched It On December 22, 1942, back in the days when Congress really took care of business, lawmakers passed a bill amending the U.S. Flag Code to mandate that the Pledge of Allegiance should Ã¢â¬Å"be rendered by standing with the right hand over the heart,Ã¢â¬ exactly like we do it today. Other Changes to the Pledge Besides the demise of the Bellamy Salute in 1942, the exact wording of the Pledge of Allegiance has been changed over the years. For example, the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"I pledge allegiance to the flag,Ã¢â¬ was original written by Bellamy as Ã¢â¬Å"I pledge allegiance to my flag.Ã¢â¬ The Ã¢â¬Å"myÃ¢â¬ was dropped out of concerns that immigrants to the United States, even those who had completed the naturalization process, might be seen as pledging allegiance to the flag of their home nation. The biggest and by far most controversial change came in 1954, when President Dwight D. Eisenhower drove a move to add the words Ã¢â¬Å"under GodÃ¢â¬ after Ã¢â¬Å"one nation.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"In this way we are reaffirming the transcendence of religious faith in AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s heritage and future; in this way we shall constantly strengthen those spiritual weapons which forever will be our countrys most powerful resource in peace and war,Ã¢â¬ declared Eisenhower at the time. In June 2002, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco declared the entire Pledge of Allegiance unconstitutional because of its inclusion of the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"under God.Ã¢â¬ The court held that the phrase violated the First AmendmentÃ¢â¬â¢s guarantee of separation of church and state. However, the next day, 9th Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Alfred Goodwin, issued a stay that prevented enforcement of the ruling. So while its wording may change again, you can bet the Bellamy Salute will have no place in the future of the Pledge of Allegiance.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Human Trafficking in the Philippines - Research Paper Example Human trafficking has since become a serious global problem since its impacts is being felt by almost every country worldwide. Philippine is among the top countries where human trafficking is at its top. Report indicates that Philippines acts as a source, destination and transit country for women, men and children who are trafficked and subjected to forced labor and sex among other forms of exploitations. Philippine women are trafficked throughout the different parts of Asia, after being deceived of decent job opportunities. The same applies to Philippine men and children who are increasingly being shipped to different parts of Asia (Castles and Miller, 1998). Estimates from ILO indicate that about 1 million Filipino women and men are shipped to foreign countries every year for work opportunities. The finding also found out that about 10 million Filipinos currently work and live abroad. Most of these Filipino migrants are subjected to conditions of forced labor, sex workers, or domes tic workers throughout Asia. Report indicates that most Filipino women employed as domestic workers abroad are subjected to all manner of atrocities and exploitation. The women are raped, battered, and sexually abuse. At the same time, Skilled Filipino immigrant workers such as doctors, accountants, engineers are also forced to work under voluntary servitude. Reports indicate that Filipino women are increasingly being trafficked as commercial sex workers in countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea, Hong Kong, Japan, and other Asian Countries (Gonzales, 2012). Opportunities available to "organize the crime" The high rate of human trafficking in Philippine has been catalyzed by a number of factors. Poverty and unemployment top the list as the key factors that offer the opportunity for the organization of the crime. Report indicates that Philippine is one of the poorest countries in Asia. The poverty level is particularly high in rural areas. The slow economic growth has also made it difficult for the government to create enough jobs for its over 92 million people. This means that many Filipinos are jobless. This has made the poor and jobless Filipinos vulnerable to illegal recruiters offering better prospects to poor Filipinos abroad. This has seen many Filipinos fall victim of the illegal recruiters who ship them abroad with the hope of getting greener pastures. However, a majority of the Filipinos who fall prey to the illegal recruiters end up in agony when they land in the foreign countries where they are exploited either as sex workers or forced labor (Arias, 2011). Philippine has also experienced successive civil strife like the one experienced in the southern part of the country. The civil strife increased poverty level in this area where polygamy is common thereby increasing the vulnerability of residents to trafficking. Report indicates that residents of southern Philippine violently displaced by the civil war were forced to migrate to other co untries as a way of looking for a place where they could improve their present situation. This offers a great opportunity for traffickers to offer their services. Such was also witnessed during the 2010 civil strife in the country, which left over 130,000 Filipinos displaced by the violence vulnerable for trafficking. This is because they were longing for a safer place where they could carry on with their businesses (Arias, 2011).